Canadian and World Issues - Scrapbook Independant StudyWorld Hunger(A Resource, Social and Environmental Issue)1016152029_42a69f11ea.jpg








Political Cartoon Related to Topic:
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I chose this particular political cartoon to represent my topic, world hunger, because it's easy to understand and shows the situation between rich and poor countries. This cartoonshows a wealthy man telling the starving child that he needs the child's one piece of food to provide fuel for his car. The observation that the cartoonist is trying to makeis that we have plenty of food and are even using food crops as fuel, while many around the world could be living off of those crops used for fuel.

Additional Political Cartoons: World Hunger

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List of Topic Related Articles:



1. 49 Million Americans Going Hungry, Programs Initiating To Raise Food Security

Huffington Post - March 18, 2010
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2009/11/16/49-million-americans-goin_n_359316.html

According to the New Government report, the number of Americans who did not have access to consistent food amounts rose to a new high of 49 million last year. The number of children who live in households with low food security rose from 12 million to 17 million in just over one year. The article says how the economy has impacted American families. Many of families who run out of food before they can afford to buy more earn above the poverty level. The article also mentions the food programs the U.S has started in different countries to help the hungry. The food bank for New York City has created an "adopt a food program".

2. Canadian Inuit going hungry: Study

National Post - August 31, 2011
http://news.nationalpost.com/2011/08/31/canadian-inuit-going-hungry-study/

This article is about Canadians Inuits not getting enough to eat or are eating the wrong things. The National Post says that six out of ten inuit in Canada's far North don't get enough to eat. They are saying that they need to take measure to ward off diabetes, heart disease and other ailments which already plague other Aboriginal Peoples in Canada and America. Inuit are starting to not eat the traditional foods that the hunters brought home. Researches found people living in remote villages in most cases cannot afford the fruits, vegetables, grains and dairy products that make up a healthy diet.

3. Malnutrition Widespread in Indian Children, Report Finds.(Foreign Desk)

The New York Times - January11, 2012

http://find.galegroup.com/gic/infomark.do?&source=gale&idigest=ac20e7c2fde4e57ad1d2ab342ff4f0f7&prodId=GIC&userGroupName=kitc10262&tabID=T004&docId=A276776056&type=retrieve&contentSet=IAC-Documents&version=1.0

In parts of India there is about 42 percent of all children under the age of fife that suffer from malnutrition. Many organizations did studies and they found that India had difficulties in reducing poverty and hunger amount 1.2 billion people. Parliament is considering a legislation, known as the Food Security Bill, that would expand the number of people eligible for subsidized food and establish a constitutional right to food.

4. West Africa Food Crisis Deepens - Millions of People at Risk; World's Largest Teen Hunger Awareness Campaign Set For This Weekend.

Agriculture week - May 10, 2012

http://find.galegroup.com/gic/infomark.do?&source=gale&idigest=ac20e7c2fde4e57ad1d2ab342ff4f0f7&prodId=GIC&userGroupName=kitc10262&tabID=T004&docId=A289498704&type=retrieve&contentSet=IAC-Documents&version=1.0


This article is about Western Africa. Drought conditions have played a big role in the hunger these people face. This is the largest teen hunger awareness campaign that has 150,000 teens across America. This organization has raised more than $140 million involving more than 6 million teens in fighting global hunger. Almost 15 million people across the Sahel (in west Africa) need food now. One million children suffer from malnutrition. And according to a world Vision field study almost 90 percent of people there estimate their food will run out before the next harvest. The teens raising awareness don't eat anything at all for 30 hours to see how its like being one of the poorest children. Before that event the teens raise money by explaining that $1 can help feed and care for a child a day.


5. Developing Countries Hit hardest by Food Rises

The Independant - August 9, 2012
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/politics/developing-countries-hit-hardest-by-food-rises-8022717.html

Millions of people face starvation because of rising food prices across the world. Severe droughts in the US and in Russia, as well as monsoons in India destroyed many crops. This resulted in a doubling of the costs of wheat in just two months and record high prices for corn and soya. These are all foods that are considered staples. The countries that will be hardest hit by the rising food prices will be those that rely on imports. Because of lack of access to affordable food, starving children have been forced to start eating roots in sub-Saharan Africa. Also, in order to reduce the number of mouths to feed, some families in Yemen are marrying off young daughters.



6. No Place for a Child – The International Community has Failed Darfur

Africa News Service - August 13, 2012
http://allafrica.com/stories/201208131218.html

Children in Darfur (Southwest Sudan) face extreme deprivation. People cannot afford to feed their families. The price of millet, a staple crop, has risen over 70% in under a year. The evidence of malnutrition, bleached coloured hair, is seen in many children. This often means their bones, teeth and brain cells are compromised. In one village of 1500 people over 40% of families have seen the death of at least two of their children. Even during the height of violence in the region, international aid did not reach two thirds of the population. However, the international community claimed that the aid program to the area was a success. A charity called “Kids for Kids” has given 300 000 of the poorest people in the world a chance to change their lives. They give a microloan of six goats to families to provide protein for their children, which mothers could not otherwise afford to feed their children. This organization does not believe in “charity” rather they focus on giving people the means and skills to help themselves. The first half of this article focuses on information about the horrible situation for children and families in Darfur. The second half of the article talks about specific charity that offers help to people in that region of Africa. While there are a lot of facts about the humanitarian crisis in Sudan, the article only gives information about one organization that is offering help.




7. One in eight of world population going hungry: U.N.

Reuters - October 9, 2012
http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/10/09/us-un-hungry-idUSBRE8980A220121009

One out of every eight people in the world is chronically undernourished. The United Nations food agencies said, and aid groups warned that rising food prices could reverse gains in the fight against hunger. The UN agencies said that 868 million people were hungry in 2010-2012. Food prices have increased over the past few months in the united states, russia and other major grain exporters due to droughts. But Graziano da Silva said the world can still achieve the Millennium Development Goal to slash poverty, hunger and disease in poor countries by 2015.


8. Feeding the Hungry Billion

Africa News Service - October 22, 2012
http://allafrica.com/stories/201210221293.html

This article is about trying to help solve World Hunger. The author says that everyone can be affected by food shortages, even those who are wealthy. No one’s food source is secure unless everyone’s food source is secure. To have an abundance of food requires self-reliance and responsibility on the part of Gambians. Governments should focus on revitalization of agriculture so that farmers can produce enough food to prevent world hunger. This is an editorial, which means it is the author’s opinion. The author does not present any facts or statistics. Also, he seems to be addressing Gambians in particular.



9. Biofuels Worsen Global Hunger

Africa News Service - October 30, 2012
http://allafrica.com/stories/201210301448.html

Biofuels were originally “created” in order to reduce the amount of gas used to power vehicles. They are made from corn, sugar cane and vegetable oils. 40% of corn produced in the US in 2010 was grown to make ethanol. British and European countries are buying up a lot of land for the purpose of growing crops for biofuels. European countries’ policies regarding biofuels could cause a spike in the prices of some crops: 33% increase in oilseed (used to make vegetable oil) prices, 22% increase in corn prices, 21% increase in sugar prices and wheat prices increase by 10%. Even though this article is a column, the author is not just giving his opinion, he is stating facts. Also, he does not rely one study or source for his facts.



10. Rising number of Haitians going hungry after hurricane – U.N.

AlertNet - November 14, 2012
http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/rising-number-of-haitians-going-hungry-after-hurricane-un

This article is about the people in Haiti going hungry because of hurricane sandy. Over 1.5 of Haiti’s population is not receiving adequate nutrition. Sandy washed away the harvest, food crops and destroyed large areas of farmland. The totally amount needed to fulfill all of Haiti’s humanitarian needs is 151 million dollars. “At the moment, one of our biggest worries is in areas that are still isolated after hurricane sandy, where women and children face worsening nutrition. At the same time, it is crucial to help Haitian farmers so they can plant crops for the small December season and for the main agriculture season in the spring.” Myrta Kaulard, head of the UN’s World Food Program in Haiti. Haiti was still struggling to rebuild after the major earthquake when hurricane sandy hit, which created an even bigger issue for food. There does not appear to be any bias in this article and many of the quotes and figures come from the United Nations, which is considered a reliable source. Rather than focus an opinion, this article presents facts to support its ideas.



11. Building Resilience Key to Restoring Sahel Food Security

Voice of America - November 19, 2012
http://www.voanews.com/content/building_resilience_is_key_to_restoring_sahel_food_security/1548939.html

This article is about the Sahel region in Africa. The Sahel region in Africa, which borders the Sahara desert, was hit by severe food shortages that affect 18 million people in nine countries. Insufficient rains caused the food shortage. This area has had three severe food crises in four years. A food shortage may cause families to withdraw their children from school and sell off their livestock in order to be able to afford food. This leaves them vulnerable for any future food shortages they may experience. Many families in the Sahel region had not recovered from the previous two food crises when the latest one hit, which had made this food shortage even more serious. In order to build resilience among the vulnerable people in the Sahel regions, David Gressly, the U.N. Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel region said that the focus needs to be on “reducing child malnutrition, improving irrigation and drainage systems, diversifying food sources, finding better ways to preserve food stocks and addressing potentially harmful cultural practices”. There does not appear to be any bias in this article and many of the quotes and figures come from the United Nations, which is considered a reliable source. Rather than focus opinion, this article presents facts to support its ideas.



12. Farm Investments Need to Rise to Beat Hunger: UN


Reuters - December 6, 2012
http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/12/06/food-investment-fao-idUSL5E8N560V201212066

In order to reduce world hunger, investment in agriculture must increase. 870 million people around the world are chronically undernourished. Some ways that govenments can invest in farming are: ensuring property rights are respected, improve rural infrastructure and encourage the formation of producer cooperatives. Farmers may be discouraged from investing in agriculture because of poor governance, high levels of corruption and high taxation. There does not appear to be bias in this article as it refers to information given by international farming organizations and the UN.


Works Cited:



1. "49 Million Americans Going Hungry, Programs Initiating To Raise Food Security." Breaking News and Opinion on The Huffington Post. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2013. <http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2009/11/16/49-million-americans-goin_n_359316.html>.



8. "allAfrica.com: Gambia: Feeding the Hungry Billion." allAfrica.com: Home. N.p., 22 Oct. 2012. Web. 30 Dec. 2012. <http://allafrica.com/stories/201210221293.html>.



6. "allAfrica.com: Sudan: No Place for a Child - The International Community has Failed Darfur." allAfrica.com: Home. N.p., 13 Aug. 2012. Web. 30 Dec. 2012. <http://allafrica.com/stories/201208131218.html>.


9. Awiti, Dr. Alex O.. "allAfrica.com: Kenya: Biofuels Worsen Global Hunger." allAfrica.com: Home. N.p., 30 Oct. 2012. Web. 30 Dec. 2012. <http://allafrica.com/stories/201210301448.html>.


2. Curran, Peggy. " Canadian Inuit going hungry: study | News | National Post."National Post | Canadian News, Financial News and Opinion. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2013. <http://news.nationalpost.com/2011/08/31/canadian-inuit-going-hungry-study/>.


12. "Farm investments need to rise to beat hunger-UN." Reuters - U.S. Edition. Thomson Reuters, 6 Dec. 2012. Web. 29 Dec. 2012. <www.reuters.com/article/2012/12/06/food-investment-fao-idUSL5E8N560V20121206>.


7. Hornby, Catherine. " One in eight of world population going hungry: U.N. | Reuters ." Business & Financial News, Breaking US & International News | Reuters.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2013. <http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/10/09/us-un-hungry-idUSBRE8980A220121009>.


11. Latuza, Jennifer. "Building Resilience Key to Restoring Sahel Food Security." VOA - Voice of America English News - VOA News. N.p., 19 Nov. 2012. Web. 30 Dec. 2012. <http://www.voanews.com/content/building_resilience_is_key_to_restoring_sahel_food_security/1548939.html>.

10. Moloney, Anastatia. "Rising number of Haitians going hungry after hurricane – U.N. - AlertNet." AlertNet - Trust.org. Thomson Reuters Foundation Home, 14 Nov. 2012. Web. 30 Dec. 2012. <http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/rising-number-of-haitians-going-hungry-after-hurricane-un>.

5. Morris, Nigel. "Developing countries hit hardest by food rises - World Politics - World - The Independent." The Independent The Independent | News. N.p., 9 Aug. 2012. Web. 30 Dec. 2012. <http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/politics/developing-countries-hit-hardest-by-food-rises-8022717.html>.


3. Yardley, Jim. "Malnutrition Widespread in Indian Children, Report Finds." New York Times 11 Jan. 2012: A10(L). Global Issues In Context. Web. 15 Jan. 2013.



4."West Africa Food Crisis Deepens - Millions of People at Risk; World's Largest Teen Hunger Awareness Campaign Set For This Weekend." Agriculture Week 10 May 2012: 153. Global Issues In Context. Web. 15 Jan. 2013.


YouTube Videos Related To Topic:

World Hunger - A Billion for a Billion (by World Food Programme)



Rising Food Prices - Nearly One Billion Go to Bed Hungry (by World Bank)



Analysis:

World hunger is a critical topic in world issues. In just Haiti alone, 1.5 million people are going hungry. This is three times the population of Waterloo Region. In the Sahel region of Africa, 18 million people were hit by a severe food shortage this year; the third severe food crisis in this region in four years. It is estimated the one billion people go hungry every day and a child dies of hunger every six seconds. These statistics prove that world hunger is a critical issue and needs immediate response.

World hunger is a resource issue because the problem is the result of not enough food in certain regions of the world and/or the food that is produced is taken away to be used elsewhere (e.g. biofuels).
World Hunger has been a problem. However, it has become a severe problem in certain regions and if it is not resolved, it could become a bigger problem, possibly affecting people in "first-world" areas and causing the death of millions more people.

Every nation has people living in poverty and suffering from malnutrition. However, the areas that suffer the most from hunger are developing nations, LDCs. Often these nations are found in South America, Africa and Asia. Often this is the case because they cannot grow enough food for their population and cannot afford to import enough food to feed every citizen. The reason MDCs struggle less with hunger is because they often able to grow adequate food crops and when that is not possible, these countries have enough money to import food.

World Hunger is also a social problem. When a family member dies from starvation, the whole family and community are affected. If a parent dies, his/her children are forced to start taking care of themselves. Those children will continue to experience hunger as they would not have the money or resources to get food. If an entire community is struck by severe food shortages, they may need to leave their homes. Socially, this would be very disruptive to the entire community as they would be leaving their homes and jobs, and they may not even know if they will find food. Finally, World hunger can be seen as an environmental problem. In some cases severe weather can lead to farmland and crop destruction This was the case in Haiti recently after hurricane Sandy wiped out most of their crops. Also, a severe drought is what has lead to the extreme food shortages in the Sahel region of Africa. This is why world hunger can also be considered a social and environmental issue, as well as a resource issue.