Jordan Wettlaufer
Ms. Jack
CGW-4UI



A Corporate Led World: The Effects of Transnational Corporations


At a global society we have seen an increasingly corporate dominated world which can be compared to the state of corporatism: "the organization of a society into industrial and professional corporations serving as organs of political representation and exercising control over persons and activities within their jurisdiction" (http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/corporatism)

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Reflect on the world you are living in and compare it to this definition. Any similarities? This Wiki examines the truth in 'corporatism' and the effects of a corporate oriented world in all areas of ours life’s guided by the interests of transnational corporations’ (TNCs’). We will examine the many effects of some of the biggest industries and transnationals, who sometimes hold more economic power than countries themself. This is undoubtedly an unsettling concern knowing what money and economic power lead to within the twenty first century...
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The main category for this world issue is economic with the main subcategories of political, environmental and cultural. Within these categories we will examine how much power these entities truly have, the effects that power has on politics, media (what we watch / mass media, news) and the structure of societies and overall culture. We will examine what effects corporate/TNC interest have on food production, the developing of the world, the environment and the natural world that every living organism revolves around, the social structure of nations. It will become evident that the interests of TNC's are manifested into the root of many of the issues we face today. Read on to learn why corporate culture and the effects of TNCs' are the most threatening issues to human existence.



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This political cartoon depicts the fact that "The under taxed rich and untaxed corporations" do not stand in solitude, as it sparks into many other aspects of life and culture such as military, mass media, politics, global commercial culture and social structure, international courts and virtually any other spectrum affected or in the influence of transnational corporations’ (TNCs’).


Article 1) Curbing the Corporations: Who? How? When? The Regulation Dilemma
By Susan George
June, 2012 - http://www.tni.org/sites/www.tni.org/files/download/alai476w-en.pdf :America Latina Transnational Capital Vs. People's Resistance Magizine written by a variety of different intellects including teachers, professors, activists, enviromentalists, economists and more from are areas of the world with the common cause of exposing the reality behind transnational corporations.

This article discusses the deregulation of transnational corporations (specifically giant banks and hedge funds who are the “most threatening and have the power to destroy even their sister corporations and each other and reduce the world to chaos”( Susan George, pg. ). It talks about the potential their actions could have if continued to be under regulated by government, one form being financial crisis and all its effects such as loss of jobs and global inflation being two. It talks about the importance of regulation as the transnational corporate system spreads into ever territory and how it is so dangerous because it is so interlinked and so concentrated. This is shown through the fact that 147 TNCs hold 40% of the value of all the TNCs in the world and the top 45 are all giant financial corporations. George discusses the mass amount of lobbying: The financial industry spent $5 billion on lobbying in ten years in the 1990s to get rid of all the banking regulations of the 1930s. It concentrates on an expression called the “knife-edge model” which says we are on a knife edge with the power held by these top corporations and if an accident in any one of these top fifty TNCs was to occur there could quickly become a shattering crisis for everyone.
The value loaded words in this article are: (trans)national corporations, financial institution, banking regulation, lobbying and “knife edge”. All these words have so much power and tell a story on their own such as transnational in regards to corporation, showing their global reach and lobbying, which should not be in the same sentence with financial institution. Overall there is an explicit bias towards the amount of power in TNCs’ and the seriousness of their effects in George’s theses.

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Article 2) New Global Corporate Law
By Juan Hernandez Zubizarreta
June 2012

Juan Zubizarreta talks about global law being altered into a 'corporate law'. He talks about a global legal system with the main goal to protect the "rights" of corporations based on trade and investment rules, sanctions, fines, diplomatic and military pressure with code of conduct being "voluntary, unilateral and cannot be legally enforced"( Zubizarreta, pg ). He talks about the effects of this imbalanced law of corporations with economic and legal power over everyone and everything else with multilateral, regional and bilateral trade, investment contracts, agreements, treaties, arbitration tribunals, the World Trade Organization’s Dispute Settlement System and the WTO itself, the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank and the International American Development Bank. Deregulation, privatization, military and social control apparatus and legislation being redefined all add to the political power. He explains the TNCs’ core goal "to replace the hallmarks of national systems"(pg. ) conditioning the state and international regulations. He is explaining the effects being international human rights violations ignored by unjust law, environmental destruction, international labor laws, the rights of social majorities being trumped in this neoliberal, capital law and creating an illusion of democracy in law and in all corporate dominated surroundings.
There is a bias against TNC's and modern corporate tainted law, but I believe it is a fair bias. The unvoiced majority which is the general populace is in an unfair position, which Zubizarreta advocates against. The value loaded words within this article are power, regulation and fraudulent. These words hold the general structure of the article as these TNC’s implement their unjust and overwhelming power creating an easier exploitive environment to attain their interest which is completely fraudulent.

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Article 3) What You Need to Know About a Worldwide Corporate Power Grab of Enormous Proportions
By Laurel Sutherlin
September 12th 2012 - http://www.stwr.org/multinational-corporations/what-you-need-to-know-about-a-worldwide-corporate-power-grab-of-enormous-proportions.html

This article is all about the newest of the 14 discussions on the largest free trade agreement known to date. This agreement is known as the Trans Pacific Partnership. Sutherlin explained this agreement to literally design the future we will all inhabit if it is not brought under public light and stopped. The discussion included 600 corporate lobbyists such as Cargill, Pfizer, Nike and Wal-Mart and al the biggest financial institutions whom have been granted access and input on the draft texts of the agreement. This agreement binds a system of global corporate governance that will give new rights and privileges to major corporations while weakening the power of nation states and citizens. The Trans Pacific Partnership agreement proposes to establish a parallel system of justice where companies can sue countries in a tribunal of judges composed of unaccountable international trade lawyers with little to no process for appeal. We not only see the effects of these corporate interests in the transformation of law but affecting the price of medicine, implementing censorship, jeopardizing internet freedoms and intellectual property rights to democratically enacted labor laws and environmental protection. The fact that the 14th meeting was guarded by paramilitary teams with machine guns and helicopters, behind closed doors under complete secrecy should ring some alarm bells in itself.

The bias lays within the topic, towards TNCs’ and the influences of their interests on society structures. The significant diction is ‘corporate governance as that is exactly what her bias is advocating against. Other important words are Trans Pacific Partnership, corporate interests because they stand for the issue that causes all the concern.


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Article 4: The Green Economy and Corporations
By Lyda Fernanda Forero & Lucia Ortiz
June, 2012

Forero and Ortiz discuss the many environmental effects transnational corporations have on the planet in scrutiny of the UN’s Rio 20 which is a discussion in the form of environmental issues and financial crisis with secret and backward indtentions. The authors explained it as “a neoliberalpolicy proposal that is in line with the economic interests of the few”. They said that the discussion will benefit the same actors who caused the issues. Forero & Ortiz discus how the “the green economy” is a gimmick to safeguard the capitalistic system while further befitting its hierarchy. The author’s believe there is a link to this ‘green economy’ and corporate power linking with institutions such as the UN which she describes as an enforcer of it. They reveal documents from the United Nations: Environment Program, “The Future We Want” and explains how they do not recognize any causes of issues and create new concepts and mechanisms that make it possible to maintain and reproduce the economic model and the power structures that sustain it..the TNC’s. Forero & Ortiz propose adjustments to national policies, especially in developing nations, benefiting their mandate. They explain that the UN puts market capital over everything in terms of development; poverty hunger and sustainable development and she describes those to be the very ones who launched us into the crisis of global “inequality”. The effects of environmental destruction, human right violations and political covert involvement were all mentioned in their article towards the main point of this 'green economy' “paint(ing) the capitalist system green”.

The bias, like all the anti corporal articles, is against transnational corporations. The value loaded words are capitalistic system, UN, Rio 20 which are described as partners of the TNCs’. Other significant diction is environmental destruction which is the main effect described.

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Article 5) Investment Agreements: a Key Component of TNC Impunity
By Cecilia Olivet
June, 2012
Cecilia Olivet wrote this article about the economic attraction of TNC’s. She mentioned that governments sign international investment treaties, in the hope of attracting foreign investments, but beyond the illusion this is allowing TNC’s greater rights than their own citizens. She discusses these treaties and how they restrict the government from certain regulations and often cost the countries millions. She explains that these treaties are detrimental to the social structure of the country as well as the environment. She discusses foreign direct investment and neo liberal economics, creating more barriers for developing countries, the opposite of what they expected while opening their country to foreign investment. This is from the international pressure of the most powerfull TNC’s “politicians,economists, business men or journalists saying, if a country wants to develop, it just needs three things: investment, investment and investment!”(Olivet,35). She explains the pressures becoming so demanding and transforming into threats. Olivet explained how fast this is transforming into a global issue as the world becomes dominated by TNC’s and their corporate interest at any cost: “1989 there were only 385 Bilateral Investment Treaties (BITs), today there are 2807” (Olivet,37).

She displays a fair viewpoint with little discrimination to her topic of TNC impunity. She writes with hard evicence and facts. The value loaded words are ‘regulation’, as she advocates for, ‘neo liberal economics as a main creation and defense of TNCs’ and ‘restriction’, ‘censorship’ and ‘reduction of rights’ as they are all descriptions of the effects.

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Article 6)
The Impact of Transnational "big Food" Companies on the South: A View from Brazil
By Carlos Monteiro
September 2012
This article written by Carlos A. Monteiro, is all about traditional food systems and the effects of food consumption from TNCs’. It concentrates in Brazil and discusses the global series of dietary patterns, “Traditional long-established food systems” residing in Brazil and other countries in the Africa, Asia, and Latin America. He talks about these systems all being ‘westernized’ through neo liberal globalization with extremely processed products made by transnational food corporations. He explains the same trends developed societies have had in the past centuries being created in these countries when conforming to global economic structure. This displacement increases obesity and causes major chronic diseases. This transition affects public health and public goods by undermining culture, meals, the family, community life, local economies, and national identity. Brazil has seen a huge transition with the penetration of transnational companies but in contrast to protecting interest of transnational companies like where many of these TNC’s widely reside from, the Brazilian governments have partly ceded their prime duty to legislation to protect and improve its traditional food system.
This is an extremely sourced article, with little bias as it states both sides clearly. The value loaded words are ‘dietary patterns’, ‘Traditional long-established food systems’, ‘globalization’, and ‘developing countries’ as these are the main inflicted in his article and the detrimental and destructive outcomes.

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Article 7) Pharmaceutical TNCs Rewrite National Laws
By Renata Reis
June, 2012
Pharmaceutical TNCs rewrite National Laws by Renata Reis is about the commercial interests of corporations trumping laws, human rights and social demands and national courts. She uses India and Brazil as case studies focusing on pharmaceutical corporations in particular. ANVISA an American based company with commercial influence in brazil made secretive, illegal patents. Another example deriving from Brazil is that Roche a company residing in Brazil was expelled from business due to the overpowering influence of ANVISA. For India’s case she explains the Novartis and the commercialization of beta crystalline (Gleevec) in India followed by patent fraud not penalized In April 2002, at the Madras Supreme Court. Reis explains how lobbying is a strong and prevalent tool of influence and power within the pharmaceutical industry, especially prevalent for developed nations. She explains how that the design and upholding of laws that represent society, are in the purpose of satisfying TNCs' commercial interests. She elaborates on the World Trade Organization and their impact with a series of multilateral agreements: the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights and the new agreement established that all fields of technology, including pharmaceuticals, are subject to patenting. This article is important as it shows the transition of global law in regards to pharmaceutical regulations favourable to transnational pharmaceutical corporations and detrimental to national health care systems and to "the most vulnerable population’s access to treatment" and practical and affordable medications.

She displays bias towards pharmaceutical industries and all TNC’s due to the nature of her topic. This bias is shadowed by facts, examples, places and dates. The value loaded words include ‘lobbying’, 'patenting', 'Pharmaceutical industry' as these are of main emphasis throughtout the article.


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Article 8) Fight for Our Future:The Time for Food Sovereignty is Now!
By Henry Saragih
June, 2012

This article puts emphasis on the TNC’s effect on food production and food scarcity. He also discusses the Rio 20, as their corporate interest also overalps on the issue of food as a resource. He discusses their intentions as an exploitation of people and nature. He says that the UN’s Rio 20, is a new framing of the capitalist system promoting the illusion that growth is unlimited and can always continue. He talks about the effects of neoliberal ideas promoted by TNC’s to consume, consume, consume with no recognition that “nature does not exist simply to be exploited” (Sarahih, 19) and that the pattern of overconsumption cannot go on without any affects. He talks about the impacts of the “green economy” Endorsed by TNC’s of the displacement of farmers in the name of conservation already seen in Indonesia. He makes the assertion that the Rio 20’s goal is to rebrand capitalism. He explains that the proposed protection of ecosystems and biodiversity in order to appreciate nature more, people may need to pay for it and there will be a price tag on everything in nature and there will be a charged premium for its use.

Value loaded words are ‘destruction of natural resources’, ‘crop destruction’, ‘land devastation’, ‘crimes against humanity’, and the ‘environmentally destructive implementers’ are the structure for the whole article of destruction of nature and natural resources such as human food supply. Henry Saragih’s bias is quite explicit. His bias is against nature destructive TNCs’ and the UNs intentions with Rio 20.


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Article 9) Canada’s Modern Day Pizarros
By Richard Girard & Jennifer Moore
June, 2012

This article portrays the growing concentration of power within many industries in this case mining industries whom are under the magnifying glass. The main issue illustrated in this article is the unorthodox and too interconnected relationship between government, industries and investors in the Canadian mining industry and the countries they do business with. This point and also the fact that globalization has begun to be utilized and tainted by industries is depicted in the following quote from the article: "...forced many countries to open their economies to resource exploration and extraction by foreign investors.... As part of the broader neoliberal project, Canada has also aggressively sought trade and investment agreements to lock in favorable conditions for investors." The authors explain the many impacts deriving from the mining industry for the benefit of executives, consumers and shareholders such as the lack of respect for indigenous rights, environmental impacts and mine worker deaths. Other effects the article examines are the suffering of the communities, social impacts "including cases of serious repression", the several environmental activists being threatened and killed in the defense of these mining TNCs. An example of indigenous communities put aside for the corporate interest of miners examined was Goldcorp’s Marlin mine. This was a deprived country Goldcorp ‘occupied’ in, much like the many major developing countries they choose to work in. El Salvador was sued for more than $77 million after failing to obtain the social and environmental license needed to develop a gold mine El Salvador spent $5 million fighting the suit which is equivalent to one year of adult literacy classes for 140,000 people.

The bias of this article is not very translucent as most of the accusations are explicit but does target her facts and data against the Canadian mining TNC’s. The value loaded words in this article are ‘investment agreements’, ‘TNC power’, ‘benefit of executives, consumers and shareholders’ as they are the catalyst of the issue. Other value loaded words are ‘worker deaths’, ‘killed’, ‘sued’, ‘communities & social impacts’, ‘aboriginal impacts’ because they are the detrimental outcome.

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Article 10) TNCs: Major Players in Human Rights Violations
By Melik Özden
March 12th 2012
This article particularly deals with the power TNCs’ have in contemporary society. The article puts emphasis on their influence on production of goods and services which is in virtually all areas of human life. An important accusation of the authors is the instruments they use that enable them to dictate human behavior, ideas, aspirations and habits which in the end make them even more powerful. The authors make the indictment that TNCs’ use any means to their goal to maximize profit in the least amount of time. They discuss how the enormous power of TNCs is in the process of emptying ‘representative democracy’'hey disscuss s arroe issued issuehe name of people being exploited by the TNCs'e of all content and how it constitutes a major factor in the political, economic, social, environmental and cultural crises currently affecting humankind. They state the need “to set international standards for TNCs; the armaments industry; TNCs dealing in mercenaries; the economic and financial crises, and the consequent impoverishment and the deterioration of the living conditions of large swathes of the world's population”. The authors discuss the necessity to put regulation, pressure and awareness on the human rights violations committed by TNCs.

The Bias is geared towards TNC’s of every kind. It does not create an unfair format in her article and is overall effective at showing the destructiveness of TNCs’. Key language used by the authors is ‘partners’, ‘production’ and human rights violations as they stand for great significance in the article.

11) Transnational Corporations and the Extractive Industries
By David Fig
June, 2012

David Fig talks about the Transnational’s are committing atrocities and leaving the people and the rich lands such as Africa which he focuses on, in a wasteland through there greedy, exploitive means of taking Africa’s resources in an uncivilized manner. He discusses everything being turned into commodities and monopolized, even the local water supply. Lands are ruined,”ecological destruction”, children are forced into labor, poverty, unemployment…. the list goes on. He describes the fact that this exploitation is happening globally in every wake of life, not just in Africa. He explains that a solution could start with governments stepping in and regulating the corporations.

The bias is towards the exploitive extractive TNCs’, as his facts go to prove why they are wrong with their doings. The value loaded word are extractive industries and resource extraction which describes the whole process of countries/corporations coming in & taking a lands resources and bleeding them dry. Endowments the attraction of theses TNCs’: the rich mining & resources the lands have, should be for the people of the nation, but end up going into the hands of these TNCs and exploitation which can be used to describe everything that is going on.




12) Why Indias FDI Fight Is Far from Over
By Nilanjana Bhowmick
December, 5, 2012

This article concentrates on the developing power which is India. It discusses the sides of people for and against the Indian government's decision to allow foreign direct investment in the retail market during on Dec. 5, 2012. Now foreign TNC’s like Wal-Mart and Tesco are free to place companies, invest and do business within the country. This agreement was won with a large amount of opposition only winning by 51% vote. The article explains the opponents of the bills beliefs that “mega-retailers could devastate millions of small-businesses owners, turning India into a nation of “sales boys and sales girls”(Bhowmick, 2). He and other critics argue that while FDI in retail may modernize the sector, the small traders it pushes out have no other employment opportunities in the absence of a social security system or a manufacturing sector that can absorb labor. He included critics such as former adviser to the Finance Ministry who says “FDI in retail, unfortunately, doesn’t create jobs. It displaces people by destroying small stores.”
This article deriving out of India is completely unbiased. The author states arguments for both sides: “Wastage will go down, prices paid to farmers will go up, and prices paid by consumers will go down,” , “I favor foreign capital across the board as long as it creates jobs and adds value to the country,” says Mohan Guruswamy. Some of the important diction used is ‘FDI, foreign direct investment’ as it is the basis of the article. Other important words are ‘modernize’ and ‘globalization’, as this is western culture spreading around the world.


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Analysis
The effects of transnational interest is a very critical issue because these effects can be seen in every continent globally and the effects can be felt in virtually every area of planetary life: “To understand the system of dominant power in contemporary society, it is necessary to understand the role that TNCs play within it. TNCs are active in the production of goods and services – in practically all spheres of human activity – as well as in speculation in the financial markets” (Melik, "TNCs: Major Players in Human Rights Violations”). Their effects are critical because as they are ‘modernizing’ (‘neo-liberal and neo-colonial tactics) they spread through ‘globalization’ and the effects are felt in every spectrum of life. It is also so critical because TNCs’ have attained so much power: “Transnational companies have become extremely powerful economic agents that directly or indirectly condition the drafting of state and international regulations” (zubizaretta, pg12). These conditionings or (de)regulations then lead to the ‘legal’ effects portrayed above as they have become almost unstoppable.
The effects of TNCs’ belong in the category as an economic issue not only because they thrive off of money and the economic system but also many of their effects are in the form of economic inequity. This is shown in many of the articles effecting whole continents setting them in squalor and poverty. Money has become the single symbol representing ability to live as everything becomes commodified and TNCs’ are the commodifying agents. The effects of TNCs’ also fit in the economic issue category because all the flowering issues derive from their economic interest. Their economic interest sparks environmental issues, political issues such as war and anthropogenic disasters, social, cultural, resource issues by transforming everything into an economic commodity: countries, nature, people and animals and all the resources the world holds.

The future of each issue that sparked from the root which is the TNCs’, all have lasting percussions such as the extraction of recourses from the land. This is an effect that the land cannot reverberate from for decades if not forever and the other lasting effect of people being displaced, portrayed in “Transnational Corporations and the Extractive Industries". Also we see the lasting effects of altered laws and agreements bettering TNCs’ and making the path to their interest’s easier through “What You Need to Know About a Worldwide Corporate Power Grab of Enormous Proportions “,”TNCs: Major Players in Human Rights Violations " and “New Corporate Law”. We see the lasting effects in “Canada’s Modern Day Pizarro” - “..long-term risks to water, public health and security that communities will bear well after the mine closes”( Girard & Moore, 23).
All these issues have been accumulating at a fast pace within the last century with a mass acceleration after the cold war. In the latest article portrayed in this scrapbook we see the spread of TNCs’ continuing in “Why India’s FDI Fight Is Far from Over” and in “What You Need to Know About a Worldwide Corporate Power Grab of Enormous Proportions” and “"Curbing the Corporations: Who? How? When? The Regulation Dilemma" we see the attempt of lessening regulations and bettering the process for TNCs’ even more. These processes would worsen the conditions and increase the effects portrayed. One of the only things that could eradicate this issue is mass realization followed by regulation and reform.

As all these flowering issues are exposed and people are being affected directly and explicitly and becoming more concerned. I strongly believe that there is a bright future in regards to economic equality and all other issues deriving from TNCs’. People are seeing the root of many atrocities, inequalities and their unhappiness in the form of, the lack of food, debt, foreclosures, working there life away, working a job they don’t like merely to live, war and virtually all anthropogenic disasters, global (external) and national (internal) inequality, the creation of segregations and differences in everything for marketing purpose and the commoditization of EVERYTHING. This is not how the world has to be and it is being realized globally.
Virtually every one of these articles suggested or informed of coalitions or promoted alliance to refuse the corporate oriented world and chose the world we live in: “Social movements, the Permanent People’s Tribunal, experts and social activists have proposed concrete alternatives to control transnational corporations’ practices. The approval of a binding code, the creation of an international tribunal that judges transnational firms and the creation of an information center, focusing on them are some of the key ideas on which civil society alternatives are being built.” (Zubizarreta, New global corporate law, page 12)

This is definitely a two-sided issue; the TNCs’ and those who reject their customs. The TNCs’ viewpoint is viewed in economic magazines such as Forbes, New York Times ect. and the mass media. This perspective is that their actions are perfectly accepted and nothing is wrong with them. This is accompanied with the commercial culture that surrounds us that people see and accept as the reality. This is most likely because TNCs’ can get away with it and there is no mass rejection, in contrast it’s virtually a world built for them. The viewpoint of those who reject it is portrayed in every article above: “TNCs are one of the implementers of the capitalist system that exploits people and nature.” (Saragih, 19), “We cannot keep our eyes closed to this superexploitation” (Fig, 22). and in the minds alike. This viewpoint is that transnational corporate interest is creating a world not in the favour for the majority of its inhabitants and so desperately needs to be reformed.

This issue has become felt international through globalization “As the transnational corporate system spreads” (George, pg 6) The TNCs’ are taking on the position of the past colonizers (the most developed nations) of exploitation of everything they can get in the form of ‘neo-colonialism’ in the least developed countries. The effects lingering onto the LDCs’ were mainly all portrayed in the articles above: “ the continent suffers from the ‘resource curse’ leaving it with mass poverty, unemployment, hunger, deficits in education and health, weak infrastructure, and blighted livelihoods…. devastating conflicts, dislocated communities, political corruption and repression, extreme forms of labour and child exploitation, and ecological destruction” (FIG, 22). The effects of TNCs’ are definitely felt harder in the LDCs’, although the general public do not have a strong perspective and do not see these effects as they are not reported in the mass media or do not know the originating force. With that being said, the effects are also seen in the MDCs’ where most of the TNCs’ reside from in the form of poverty, ’working purely to live’, the lack of food, debt, foreclosures, homelessness ect. This issue is a global matter that spreads “…into ever-expanding territory” (Monteiro, "The Impact of Transnational "big Food" Companies on the South: A View from Brazil").

I chose the above articles not only based on array of the different effects of TNCs’ but the different locations it effects. We saw the effects and uprising of TNCs’ in our own country with “Canada’s Modern Day Pizarro”. We see the effects globally spreading in virtually all of the articles: India (Bhowmick, Why India’s FDI Fight Is Far from Over.), brazil (The Impact of Transnational "big Food" Companies on the South: A View from Brazil), Africa (Fig, “Transnational Corporations and the Extractive Industries), Indonesia (Reis, Pharmaceutical TNCs Rewrite National Laws) and every other spectrum of the world. Not any specific ‘nation’ alone but as a planet we see “the same strategies and tactics, causing the same devastating effects on national economies, people and the environment in Latin America, Asia, North America and Europe”( David Fig, pg. 23).

On the world issues Richter scale I would rate corporatism and the effects of TNCs’ a 9 out 10 as it brings many, many other issues with it. If this issue was eradicated, civilization would see a more harmonious, peaceful world.

The effects of TNCs’ manifest into the form of every issue category. This issue can’t be defined in just a couple of the categorists as it affects every spectrum of planetary existence: “ how the enormous power of TNCs is in the process of emptying representative democracy of all content and how it constitutes a major factor in the political, economic, social, environmental and cultural crises currently affecting humankind” (Özden, TNCs: Major Players in Human Rights Violations).
The interest and effect of TNCs’ aeffect the environment and resources, as they ‘extract’ everything they can profit from and then waste more than half of those resources. This also leaves a burden on the land, using those resources in a way that does further destruction to the environment and leaving whole continents deprived of certain essential resources. This leads into the fact that it is a cultural issue as well because they reconstruct culture to fit their interest. Everything is for money and revolves around advertising or the practice of making money. Many of these articles describe the effect TNCs’ have on the social spectrum: communities, living conditions such as the aboriginals displaced in “Canada’s Modern Day Pizarro” or the natives of developing countries in “Transnational Corporations and the Extractive Industries".

This issue has spread globally and is affecting everybody and everything as ”The crucial role played by transnational corporations (TNCs) on a planetary scale has been a point of focus for researchers and human rights militants for many years” (What You Need to Know About a Worldwide Corporate Power Grab of Enormous Proportions). The overall fact is that this is a human-made issue, therefore it can be a solved by humans and human’s collectively joining with a common goal can be more overpowering than anything.



Check out these other interesting articles!!
http://www.naturalnews.com/034243_monoculture_bananas.html
http://www.essayforum.com/writing-feedback-3/multinational-companies-globalization-negative-positive-40726/
http://www.globalissues.org/article/55/corporations-and-the-environment
http://web.ebscohost.com/src/pdf?vid=3&hid=15&sid=a8985f9f-2bd4-4eef-a690-a5d387e33c9d%40sessionmgr4
http://www.tni.org/sites/www.tni.org/files/download/alai476w-en.pdf
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=miGm045YHzE


Works Cited
1) Forero, Lyda, and Lucia Ortiz. "The Green Economy and Corporations ". - America Latina- Transnational Capital VS. The Peoples Resistance, June 2012: 11-15. ALAI. Osvaldo Leon. Web. Nov.-Dec. 2012. <http://www.tni.org/sites/www.tni.org/files/download/alai476w-en.pdf>.

2) Sutherlin, Laurel. "What You Need to Know About a Worldwide Corporate Power Grab of Enormous Proportions" -. STWR - Share The World's Resources. Alternet. Sept. 2012. Web. Nov.-Dec. 2012. <http://www.stwr.org/multinational-corporations/what-you-need-to-know-about-a-worldwide-corporate-power-grab-of-enormous-proportions.html>.

3) Olivet, Cecilia. " Investment Agreements: a Key Component of TNC Impunity ". - America Latina- Transnational Capital VS. The Peoples Resistance, June 2012: 35-37. ALAI. Osvaldo Leon. Web. Nov.-Dec. 2012. <http://www.tni.org/sites/www.tni.org/files/download/alai476w-en.pdf>.

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7) Monteiro, Carlos. "The Impact of Transnational "big Food" Companies on the South: A View from Brazil." ResearchGate. N.p., July 2012. Web. Nov.-Dec. 2012. <http://www.researchgate.net/publication/229157452_The_impact_of_transnational_big_food_companies_on_the_South_a_view_from_Brazil>.
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9) Zubizarreta, Juan. "New Global Corporate Law". - America Latina- Transnational Capital VS. The Peoples Resistance, June 2012: 10-11. ALAI. Osvaldo Leon. Web. Nov.-Dec. 2012. <http://www.tni.org/sites/www.tni.org/files/download/alai476w-en.pdf>.Hernandez

10) Reis, Renata. " Pharmaceutical TNCs Rewrite National Laws". - America Latina- Transnational Capital VS. The Peoples Resistance, June 2012: 23-26. ALAI. Osvaldo Leon. Web. Nov.-Dec. 2012. <http://www.tni.org/sites/www.tni.org/files/download/alai476w-en.pdf>.

11) Saragih, Henry. “Fight for Our Future:The Time for Food Sovereignty is Now!". - America Latina- Transnational Capital VS. The Peoples Resistance, June 2012: 17-20. ALAI. Osvaldo Leon. Web. Nov.-Dec. 2012. <http://www.tni.org/sites/www.tni.org/files/download/alai476w-en.pdf>.

12) Fig, David. “Transnational Corporations and the Extractive Industries". - America Latina- Transnational Capital VS. The Peoples Resistance, June 2012: 20-22. ALAI. Osvaldo Leon. Web. Nov.-Dec. 2012. <http://www.tni.org/sites/www.tni.org/files/download/alai476w-en.pdf>.