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Fresh Water is an issue that we can relate to world wide. Many people want and require fresh clean purified drinking water. In an ever struggling growing word, we need to clean and share as much drinking water as possible. Some want to just get their pockets full of money so they try any dirty method they could think to squeeze even the smallest profit from the fresh clean water. Other governments wish to solve this problem by purifying the water with a limited budget. Other governments don't do anything and just inform you that the water is contaminated without planning any solutions for the near future.


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This is the political cartoon that I believe best presents much of the current issues with fresh water. Everyone is trying to get profit, even the most little profit that is possible from a resource that is required to live a healthy life. Many in our world do not care about another's life and just think about themselves and their pockets. However there are also those that want to help by starting and funding projects to clean the water.

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My Topic Related Articles:

1. Panchayat Head Arrested

Jan 9, 2013
http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2013-01-09/coimbatore/36236895_1_water-business-ground-water-water-resources

Ruling AIADMK leader and Harur Town Panchayat Pres

ident K Cauvery was arrested for running an illegal
packed drinking water business. K Cauvery helped reopen a water bottling plat that was seaked off.
Even though failed monsoons and climate changes have lowered the fresh water levels the bottling
buisness they have no restrictions on water usage and they have to pay no tax to the gouverment as
well. TOI, T Ramesh of Harur , the person who managed to obtain a High Court order against the
bottling plant , said that the arrest of K Cauvery would start a movement to protect water resources
of the region from the mafia. According to the police Rukmini started bottling water in various brands
on the behalf of the companies.


2. Adequate Drinking Water Still a Tall Dream in Nigeria

http://www.waterworld.com/news/2013/01/07/adequate-drinking-water-still-a-tall-dream-in-nigeria.html

Due to a recent report Nigeria is one of the thrid countries , behind China and India, in the world
with inadequate water supply and sanitation coverage. Nigeria also occupies the 130th position on the
Global Water Povery Index of developing countries still battling with water and sanatation
accessibility. Due to lack of coordination , abandoment and poor funding , Nigeria is categorized as
"off-track" in meeting the water sanitation targets of MDG's by 2015. In Nigeria only 42% of the 82
million hectares of arable is used due to lack of water. Nigeria has 264 dams which store 33 billion
cubic meters of water. Out of those 264 , 210 are federal owned , 34 are owned by states and 20 are
private. According to Mrs Sarah Ochekpe, the Minister of Water Resources , 44% of the country's water
facilities were not working.

3. Government says water in South Brook is Safe

Jan 6, 2013
http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/newfoundland-labrador/story/2013/01/06/nl-south-brook-water-safe-106.html

In mid-December , a water dam in South Brook near a tailings pond rupture , which lead to concerns
about the quality of the drinking water and the fish. After various tests Enviroment and Conservation
Minister Tom Hedderson , declared

everything appears to be okay.

4. Waiau Drinking Water Contaminated

Jan 7, 2013
http://www.stuff.co.nz/the-press/news/8149696/Waiau-drinking-water-contaminated

After a high rainfall in Waiau authorities warned everyone that they need to boil their water before
drinking it. The hurunui Distric Council said that a E. coli bacteria was found in the Waiau water
scheme which can cause vomiting and diarrhoea. The council declared that even with the treating of
water with chlorine it still needs to be boiled until further notice. The warning will not be lifted
until the tests come clear three times in a row. The contamination happened because of the high
rainfalls which caused strong flows into some of the waterways.

5. Water Utility Warns of Chlorine Taste, Smell in Tap Water

Jan 6, 2013
http://www.nj.com/somerset/index.ssf/2013/01/somerset_tap_water_pipeline_co.html

The New Jersey American Water announced that they are in the proccess of annual pipe cleaning and that the water might have a stronger chlorine taste then usual. They will change the usual treatment with ammonia and chlorine to free chlorine. The authorities announced that this whole process will last about 1 week.

6. Clean Water Grant to Restore Minnesota Waters

Jan 9, 2013

http://www.dl-online.com/event/article/id/72340/group/homepage/

In this article, we learn of The Minnesota Board of Water and Soil Resources and how they awarded over $18 million dollars in grants to their local governments for project to clean and restore lakes and rivers. This positive act shows how the local governments unite together to serve the people of the community and make the place greener and provide fresh water. There is no evidence of any author bias in this article.

7. Lake Simcoe, Georgian Bay gains $29 million for feds clean-up project

by Hazmat Staff
Jan 8, 2013
http://www.hazmatmag.com/news/lake-simcoe-georgian-bay-gain-29-million-for-feds-clean-up-project/1001974533/

This article talks about a more local place located here in Canada at Lake Simcoe. A fund of about $29 million dollars was offered on a five year plan to restore and make the lake healthier and cleaner. The Southeastern Georgian Bay is also included in this project. In the next years, the water will be cleaned and it will be restored to its natural shape.

8. Drinking Water Problem in IIam

Jan 4, 2013

http://www.thehimalayantimes.com/fullNews.php?headline=Drinking+water+problem+in+Ilam&NewsID=360406

This article talks about the water problems residents face in the IIam district of Nepal. Many people living in the more rural areas do not have access to clean-safe drinking water. The problem is that the government often sells one of the water project to private people who in the end don’t solve much to provide water to the locals. Over a thousand drinking water projects are in operation but in reality only 156 project actually have been completed.


9. Drinking Water for Denver also threatened by nearby fracking

December 17, 2012

by Amy Mall
http://switchboard.nrdc.org/blogs/amall/drinking_water_for_denver_also.html

In this article, residents of the Washington DC metropolitan area are in a big worry as the government intends to dig out for oil and natural gas near three reservoirs that provide water for a the most part of the Washington DC area. In this article, we are also offered an image of where the three reservoirs are and where the intended digging site is which is located literally where the water sources are. The author states that “if any oil and gas development is allowed, it should be regulated under the strongest possible rules”, this shows that quite possibly, some of the people might actually agree to this as long as strict rules are applied. I believe this is where the author shows some bias because at first, the author supports the idea that there should be no oil and gas development at all, then it jump to the idea that there is a possibility of having the oil development. There is also a petition that you could sign to stop the drilling of oil in that area.

10. State officials defend purchase of drinking water

December 11, 2012
by Laura Krantz
http://www.milforddailynews.com/news/x65613193/State-officials-defend-purchase-of-drinking-water

In this article it talks about how officials from FRAMINGHAM “justify” their purchase of bottled water. Many say that the state spent almost $ 300 000 just in five months for the purchase of bottled water. This article is trying to show the side of the state officials. I believe this article is pretty bias as it mostly only talks about the officials side of why they bought bottle and rarely mention the negative effects of buying bottled water. In the end, many summarize that if the tap water at your local place is safe, then drink it.

11. Golden Pheasant upgrades to protect lake water

Jan 9, 2013
by Alison Browniee
http://www.cottagecountrynow.ca/news/article/1562867--golden-pheasant-upgrades-to-protect-lake-water

This article talks about the waste water treatment plant in Huntsville. This treatment plant is almost 18 years old and requires some renovation. Currently the plant is not working at full potential. The government will cover the costs of the renovation that will cost at least a $100 000. The next huge update to the plant will occur in 2021 where the whole place will undergo a major reconstruction.

12. Facing the Fresh Water Crisis

July 23, 2008
http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=facing-the-freshwater-crisis

In this article it describes the living condition of a person in a middle classed residence in the city of New Delhi, India. Every morning this person wake up hearing from the media that fresh water will only be available for one hour so this person quickly tries to get as much water as possible to fulfill his needs for the day. This article also talks about how the global freshwater resources are under danger as demands are rising as the population rises. This article also compares how a person living in the USA can without any trouble access water at any time of the day.
UN report: climate change to exarcerbate freshwater problems of Pacific Islands

13. UN report: climate change to exarcerbate freshwater problems of Pacific Islands

April 23, 2012
http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=41845#.UPCQcW_oSP4

Here, the UN talks about how the climate change will just worsen the freshwater problems of many of the small Islands in the Pacific. Many of these islands have very limited access to clean water due to financial resources. Almost 10% of all of the deaths of children under five is due to the fact that there is no clean water available. I believe there is no bias in this article as UN itself went straight to the point without taking any different sides, they just spoke the truth.


Final Analysis and Summary

Fresh water is a resource that the whole world requires and it is important that we distribute this resource to all of the people living on this planet. A everyday person may think that there is enough water for everyone in the world since 70% of our planet is covered in water, however this myth is false. We might have a lot of water, but out of that water, how much of it is drinkable? Only around 2.5% is fresh water while the other percentage is salty ocean water that we cant drink without heavy purification. The reality is that our world's drinking water is small and we need to know how to utilize it so that everyone gets the water they all need. Many around the world have anywhere between a few minutes to maximum a hour to get all of the water they can before the supply runs out for the day. While others in more developed countries can get the water at any point in time they wish from their own home without much effort, others have to travel lots of kilometers to get the required water.

There are ones who would love to help the people by providing monetary fund to help with many projects that aim to clean dirty lakes and provide as much fresh water as possible. There are also those that just try to profit as much as they can just to make their wallet fatter. There are some "water" mafias that try with any way possible to charge people for the fresh water. In general the government also helps by funding many projects to make the place greener and to make the water cleaner. Local governments also in some instances donate money to reinforce and upgrade water refining plants. The Golden Pheasant water treatment plant in Huntsville was funded by the government to undergo many different upgrades so that the water plant can work at its full capacity. Also as a stated before in one of the previous articles, Panchayat helped the local mafia in order to get more money. If the whole world worked together without just thinking about profit then, everybody in the world would be able to access clean fresh water.

This issue is most predominantly found in third world countries, especially Africa. This is because the local governments do not have enough money to provide fresh clean water. Like I stated before, people in less developed countries don't have water whenever they feel like turning the tap. In one of the articles that I researched, I found the real story of someone who every day when he woke up, he was told on the radio that water is available for only one hour, so this person had to get all the water he could for the day in a matter of a few minutes. Also some other Pacific Islands suffer greatly from water shortage since the Government can't afford to provide water everywhere. Another similar problem was in Nepal, where the gov't gave the clean water project to private companies which did not do a good job and still many of the rural areas in Nepal do not have access to fresh clean tap water.

Like I said before, in general the two sides involved in this are the everyday people who need water and the government's/investors who choose to either help the people or try to make as much money as possible off them. Also people from more developed countries tend to have more easy access to water since their governments have more money to provide for the needs. In the end, fresh water is a world wide issue that has to be addressed as quickly as possibly or many people will continue to die due to not having access to fresh drinkable water. It's in the hands of the governments and the rich investors for what will happen with out water. If money is invested to clean lakes and enhance water purification plants, then more and more people will be able to access fresh water, if not, if the investors are only about making a profit, then many people will die due to not being able to access the fresh water.

Website Citations




"Facing the Freshwater Crisis" By Peter Rogers July 23, 2010 http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=facing-the-freshwater-crisis

"UN report: climate change to exacerbate freshwater problems of Pacific Islands" by UN 23 April 2012 http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=41845#.UPCibeQ80lN

"State officials defend purchase of drinking water" By Laura Krantz Dec 11, 2012 http://www.milforddailynews.com/news/x65613193/State-officials-defend-purchase-of-drinking-water

"Drinking water for Denver also threatened by nearby fracking" by Amy Mall December 17, 2012 http://switchboard.nrdc.org/blogs/amall/drinking_water_for_denver_also.html

"Drinking water problem in Ilam" by MANGLABARE 2013-01-04 http://www.thehimalayantimes.com/fullNews.php?headline=Drinking+water+problem+in+Ilam&NewsID=360406

"Lake Simcoe, Georgian Bay gain $29 million for feds clean-up project" By HazMat Staff JANUARY 8, 2013 http://www.hazmatmag.com/news/lake-simcoe-georgian-bay-gain-29-million-for-feds-clean-up-project/1001974533/

"Clean water grant to restore Minnesota waters" January 09, 2013 http://www.dl-online.com/event/article/id/72340/group/homepage/

"Water utility warns of chlorine taste, smell in tap water" By Walter O'Brien January 06, 2013 http://www.nj.com/somerset/index.ssf/2013/01/somerset_tap_water_pipeline_co.html
nated" 07/01/2013 http://www.stuff.co.nz/the-press/news/8149696/Waiau-drinking-water-contaminated

"Government says water in South Brook is safe" by CBC news

Jan 6, 2013 http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/newfoundland-labrador/story/2013/01/06/nl-south-brook-water-safe-106.html

"Adequate Drinking Water Still a Tall Dream in Nigeria" by AllAfrica Global Media 2013/01/07 http://www.waterworld.com/news/2013/01/07/adequate-drinking-water-still-a-tall-dream-in-nigeria.html

"Panchayat head arrested for helping water mafia" By K A Shaji Jan 9, 2013 http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/coimbatore/Panchayat-head-arrested-for-helping-water-mafia/articleshow/17947822.cms?intenttarget=no

"Golden Pheasant upgrades to protect lake water" by Alison Brownlee Jan 09, 2013 http://www.cottagecountrynow.ca/news/article/1562867--golden-pheasant-upgrades-to-protect-lake-water








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A Short Informative Video on How Fresh Water is Under Threat in South Asia

























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