Scrapbook Independent Studies Summative
DEFORESTATION(Environmental, Economic and Political Issue)

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In this political cartoon it shows that when we, as a society, choose to cut down trees, we also choose to destroy our world. Deforestation is depleting our natural resources and ultimately decreasing our food source. We are eventually going to destroy our planet to the point that humans will no longer be able to survive. Overall if humans destroy forests, we destroy the planet and become the causes to our own deaths.

1. Deforestation reveals N. Korea’s Artillery tubes near borderby the AsiaPulse News, Aug 18, 2010 http://find.galegroup.com/grnr/retrieve.dosgHitCountType=None&sort=DateDescend&tabID=T004&prodId=GRNR&resultListType=RESULT_LIST&searchId=R3&searchType=&currentPosition=1&qrySerId=Locale%28en%2C%2C%29%3AFQE%3D%28KE%2CNone%2C13%29Deforestation%3AAnd%3AFQE%3D%28TX%2CNone%2C18%29Cooking+in+the+sun%3AAnd%3ALQE%3D%28AC%2CNone%2C8%29fulltext%3AAnd%3ALQE%3D%28DA%2CNone%2C10%29%3E+20100100%24&userGroupName=ko_k12hs_d68&inPS=true&docId=A234904404&contentSet=IAC-Documents&docId=A234904404&docType=IACThe North Korean Artillery tubes have been discovered by South Korea due to the immense deforestation
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over the years. The artillery tubes were discovered in the mountains where much logging had occurred. Deforestation is one of the major environmental issues facing communist regions to help with fuel for heating and cooking. There is a bias against communist regimes because the author suggests that communist regions are most likely to have a high deforestation rate for fuel. A value-loaded word found in this article is communist because most people already think negatively about communists but by bringing them up in this article it puts the blame on them for being a communist region.


2. More trees won’t solve climate change by Tyler Irving, Jan. 7, 2011http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/cic/MagazinesDetailsPage/MagazinesDetailsWindow?failOverType=&query=&prodId=CIC&windowstate=normal&contentModules=&mode=view&displayGroupName=Magazines&limiter=&currPage=&disableHighlighting=false&displayGroups=&sortBy=&source=&search_within_results=&action=e&catId=&activityType=&scanId=&documentId=GALE%7CA274790358It is believed that deforestation raises CO2 emmisions and afforestation combats it. Which is correct; however, it will not cexternal image deforest+top.bmphange climate change by much. A new model has simulated the effects of replacing all of the farmland with forests and the climate decreases by 0.45°C. Montenegro of St. Francis Xavier University says that this is only one study but if we continue to emit the way we are, planting trees, will do very little to help. So instead of needing to plant new trees we should stop cutting down so many. The bias found in this article is against afforestation because the author believes that afforestation will not compensate for all the problems we have caused do to deforestation. He believes this because he belongs to the Chemical Institute of Canada where the model was created. A value-loaded word is Carbon Emissions because carbon emissions are what we are trying to fix from deforestation but afforestation will not help much.


3. Ghana: Illegal loggers supply global timber market by Francis Kokutse, June 24, 2008http://find.galegroup.com/gic/retrieve.dosgHitCountType=None&sort=DateDescend&docType=GREF&tabID=T006&prodId=GIC&resultListType=RESULT_LIST&searchId=R7&searchType=BasicSearchForm&currentPosition=2&qrySerId=Locale%28en%2CUS%2C%29%3AFQE%3D%28PI%2CNone%2C5%29G1049%24&inPS=true&userGroupName=kitc10262&docId=CP3208510141&contentSet=GREF&docId=A180530542&docType=IAC&c=FTThe U.S., China and India are all decimating the forests of Gambia for their markets. Ansah a member of a NGO theexternal image deforestation1.jpgBunso Conservationists accused officers of the Forestry Commission of allowing illegal logging to take place. Ansah believes that a certificate ensuring only legal wood products to enter the European Union will work. The countries wood exports have increased, raising people’s interests in illegally logging to earn more money. Authorities are trying to reduce the amount of logging from Chainsaw Operators but they are resisting. The illegal logging percentage continues to increase in Ghana. The bias in this article is against the Non Governmental Organizations, allowing people to illegally log even though their “beliefs” were originally to stop illegal logging. There is also a bias against consumers wanting more wood products and the people who want more money. This article has value-loaded words including; illegal logging because this is the main problem within Ghana. The illegal logging is depleting the countries forests; however, people are too greedy to realize this.


4. Mr. Speaker, We Agree (Editorial) by Africa News Service (July 6, 2012)http://find.galegroup.com/gic/retrieve.dosgHitCountType=None&sort=DateDescend&tabID=T006&prodId=GIC&resultListType=RESULT_LIST&searchId=R1&searchType=&currentPosition=3&qrySerId=Locale%28en%2C%2C%29%3AFQE%3D%28KE%2CNone%2C13%29Deforestation%3AAnd%3ALQE%3D%28DA%2CNone%2C10%29%3E+20100100%24&userGroupName=kitc10262&inPS=true&docId=A295395980&contentSet=IAC-Documents&docId=A295395980&docType=IACexternal image 320534-banjul-gambia-alert-deforestation.jpg Deforestation needs to banned in Gambia, Africa. This will help prevent desertification in an area already prone to it because of the Sahel. Their needs to be a tougher legislation put against logging because it is believed that people have been bribing government officials to allow them to log for selfish reasons. Deforestation is a direct cause to many other world issues including poverty and world hunger. Ending deforestation all together cannot be stopped for many other factors but you can help reduce deforestation by planting a new tree after one has been cut down. The Forestry Department should ensure people who are illegally logging be brought to justice. The author is biased against the government for not having stronger laws against deforestation. The government is believed to be the cause to most of the deforestation problems by allowing bribes and being relaxed about the issue. Some value-loaded words found in this article include; natural disaster, deforestation can cause many natural disasters including desertification, which is talked about within the article. By reducing deforestation we can avoid some natural disasters. Degradation is another value-loaded word, outlining the effects of the ecosystem due to deforestation.


5. Satellite study detects deforestation in real time (WORLDWATCH) by Harley Rustad (Aug. 12, 2012)http://find.galegroup.com/grnr/retrieve.dosgHitCountType=None&sort=DateDescend&tabID=T003&prodId=GRNR&resultListType=RESULT_LIST&searchId=R2&searchType=&currentPosition=8&qrySerId=Locale%28en%2C%2C%29%3AFQE%3D%28KE%2CNone%2C13%29Deforestation%3AAnd%3AFQE%3D%28TX%2CNone%2C13%29Deforestation%3AAnd%3ALQE%3D%28AC%2CNone%2C8%29fulltext%3AAnd%3ALQE%3D%28DA%2CNone%2C10%29%3E+20100100%24&userGroupName=ko_k12hs_d68&inPS=true&docId=A302594390&contentSet=IAC-Documents&docId=A302594390&docType=IACA real time satellite has been developed to monitor deforestation in Latin American. Every 16 days it scans
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from Mexico to Argentina for changes and updates it to google maps. The systems differs man caused deforestation from natural caused deforestation. Initial findings show that substantial deforestation has occurred between 2004 and 2012 throughout South America. The bias found in this article is against deforestation. A value-loaded word is increased because it is used to show that deforestation rates are continually rising instead of falling.


6. Ethical Timber by New Internationalist (Sept 9, 2012)
http://go.galegroup.com/ps/retrieve.dosgHitCountType=None&sort=DASORT&inPS=true&prodId=GRGM&userGroupName=ko_k12hs_d68&tabID=T003&searchId=R4&resultListType=RESULT_LIST&contentSegment=&searchType=AdvancedSearchForm&currentPosition=18&contentSet=GALE%7CA301383227&&docId=GALE|A301383227&docType=GALE&role=
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The Conservation Charity WWF is skeptical about its timber scheme, the Global Forest and Trade Network (GFTN). A witness says companies are benefiting from an association with WWF but continuing to deforest and trade illegally sourced timber. The Danzer group has been accused of buying ‘conflict timber’ from Liberia. The WWF has defended the scheme saying that the companies doing this are the ones that should be a part of the GFTN because they have some work to be done towards sustainability. The bias in this group is against the GFTN because of the actions of some of the companies by buying conflict timber. A value-loaded word in this article is conflict timber. This shows that there is timber companies are using that should not be supported; however, companies buy it because it is cheap and easy to access.


7. Curbing Deforestation by Engr Riaz Akbar (Sept 12, 2012)http://find.galegroup.com/grnr/retrieve.do?%29Deforestation%3AAnd%3AFQE%3D%28TX%2CNone%2C21%29Curbing+Deforestation%3AAnd%3ALQE%3D%28AC%2CNone%2C8%29fulltext%3AAnd%3ALQE%3D%28DA%2CNone%2C10%29%3E+20100100%24&userGroupName=ko_k12hs_d68&inPS=true&docId=A302066555&contentSet=IAC-Documents&docId=A302066555&docType=IACosition=1&qrySerId=Locale%28en%2C%2C%29%3AFQE%3D%28KE%2CNone%2C13sgHitCountType=None&sort=DateDescend&tabID=T003&prodId=GRNR&resultListType=RESULT_LIST&searchId=R2&searchType=&currentPThe Chenab river is eroding the land around it making farming land and good soil impossible. Trees need to be planted in order to avoid deforestation from flooding. The soil erosion needs to be avoided in order to plant the trees. The Prime Minister launched a tree-planting program to ensure that deforestation will not occur in this area. The bias in this article is to end deforestation. Some Value-loaded words in this article include eroding. When reading eroding you think of land depleting which would ultimately make it impossible to grow trees.


8. Cooking in the Sun (SOLAR POWER)(solar cooking) by Maggie Wolff Peterson (Oct. 10, 2012)http://find.galegroup.com/grnr/retrieve.dosgHitCountType=None&sort=DateDescend&tabID=T003&prodId=GRNR&resultListType=RESULT_LIST&searchId=R2&searchType=&currentPosition=4&qrySerId=Locale%28en%2C%2C%29%3AFQE%3D%28KE%2CNone%2C13%29Deforestation%3AAnd%3AFQE%3D%28TX%2CNone%2C13%29Deforestation%3AAnd%3ALQE%3D%28AC%2CNone%2C8%29fulltext%3AAnd%3ALQE%3D%28DA%2CNone%2C10%29%3E+20100100%24&userGroupName=ko_k12hs_d68&inPS=true&docId=A306240989&contentSet=IAC-Documents&docId=A306240989&docType=IACexternal image image003.jpg A non-profit group is a part of a global effort to help prevent hardwood deforestation and other global problems. They are promoting the use of solar ovens to prevent the use of wood-burning ovens. The soot in the air from burning wood is causing many children to get pneumonia. Deforestation is a major problem in areas where wood is the main fuel source. A huge leap forward took place in 2012 by Hillary Clinton for solar powered cookstoves. Ultimately this will help deplete deforestation. The bias shown in this article is towards healthy, ecological power sources. This is shown by recurrently mentioning how wood stoves are bad for health and that solar energy will help everyone. A value-loaded word found in this article is kills; by mentioning the word kills it catches the readers attention. It helps the reader comprehend the magnitude of the wood burning problem.


9. Rainforest alliance says: follow the frog by DM News (Nov. 8, 2012)http://go.galegroup.com/ps/retrieve.do?sgHitCountType=None&sort=DA-SORT&inPS=true&prodId=GRGM&userGroupName=ko_k12hs_d68&tabID=T003&searchId=R4&resultListType=RESULT_LIST&contentSegment=&searchType=AdvancedSearchForm&currentPosition=9&contentSet=GALE%7CA309729147&&docId=GALE|A309729147&docType=GALE&role=
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The Rainforest Alliance’s annual “Follow the Frog” week posted a video on youtube giving awareness to viewers ontropical deforestation. The Alliance encouraged twitter and facebook followers to share the video, which encouraged the viewers to purchase the Alliance Certified products to help save the Rainforests. The campaign is a non-profit organization helping consumers help the world. The bias in this article is to stop deforestation. There were no value-loaded words in this article.


10. 2 Rukum community forests may be snatched from users by Kathmandu Post (Nov. 27, 2012)http://find.galegroup.com/gic/retrieve.dosgHitCountType=None&sort=DateDescend&tabID=T004&prodId=GIC&resultListType=RESULT_LIST&searchId=R2&searchType=&currentPosition=1&qrySerId=Locale%28en%2C%2C%29%3AFQE%3D%28KE%2CNone%2C50%29Rukum+community+forests+may+be+snatched+from+users%24&userGroupName=kitc10262&inPS=true&docId=CJ310000889&contentSet=IACDocuments&docId=CJ310000889&docType=IAC
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The Kathmandu government is prepared to nationalize the two forests in order to control logging regulations. First they must resolve border disputes before they can nationalize the forests. The Secretary of the Khahare Community Forest feels that by nationalizing the forest it will encourage illegal logging. Both forests are said to be under use of illegal logging but nationalization was put into action. The two communities protecting these forests are not happy about the nationalization of the forests and feel it will cause more problems. The author is biased against the government by talking more about how nationalization will harm the forests rather than how it will protect it. The author continually writes that the communities are not happy with the decision and how it will destroy the forests. Some Value-loaded words include dispute because the government and the communities have different views on what to do with the forest in terms of nationalization. Decision can also be considered a value-loaded word because the communities feel that this should be a decision made by everyone whereas the government is making the decision by themselves.


11. Brazil: Brazil’s Amazon Deforestation rate falls to record lows by Mena Report (Nov. 28, 2012)http://find.galegroup.com/gic/retrieve.dosgHitCountType=None&sort=DateDescend&tabID=T004&prodId=GIC&resultListType=RESULT_LIST&searchId=R4&searchType=&currentPosition=1&qrySerId=Locale%28en%2C%2C%29%3AFQE%3D%28KE%2CNone%2C13%29Deforestation%3AAnd%3AFQE%3D%28TX%2CNone%2C6%29Brazil%3AAnd%3AFQE%3D%28TX%2CNone%2C62%29Brazil%3A+Brazil%27s+Amazon+Deforestation+rate+falls+to+record+low%3AAnd%3ALQE%3D%28DA%2CNone%2C10%29%3E+20100100%24&userGroupName=kitc10262&inPS=true&docId=A310215666&contentSet=IAC-Documents&docId=A310215666&docType=IAC
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The Brazilian Amazon reached record low deforestation rates for the fourth consecutive year. Brazil has set a goal to reduce 80% of deforestation in the Amazon by 2020, showing developing countries can make a difference. However only one of nine states of the Amazon have decreased their deforestation, others have increased. The author is slightly biased towards Brazil by recurrently saying that Brazil is doing so well compared to other places in the world like Doha, Qatar. Also, after the author says that not everywhere in the amazon has decreased deforestation, they go on to say that there is a 10% error so in 2013 the real results will be announced. Value-loaded words in this article are increased and decrease. These two words are used to express the deforestation rates throughout Brazil to show the contrast between each State and between Brazil and other countries.


12. REDDY at last; Saving Indonesia’s trees by The Economist (US) (Dec. 8, 2012)http://go.galegroup.com/ps/retrieve.do?sgHitCountType=None&sort=DA-SORT&inPS=true&prodId=GRGM&userGroupName=ko_k12hs_d68&tabID=T003&searchId=R4&resultListType=RESULT_LIST&contentSegment=&searchType=AdvancedSearchForm&currentPosition=5&contentSet=GALE%7CA311144500&&docId=GALE|A311144500&docType=GALE&role=
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Indonesia announced their first “REDD” project (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degredation). Indonesia produces some of the most carbon due to logging. This scheme pays developing countries not to chop down trees. Forests will not be preserved and avoid deforestation. This is also good news for animals that will no longer need to flee their habitats because of mass logging. There was a halt to the project after being launched in 2010 because to qualify, there needed to be a serious threat to the trees. Forestry management in Indonesia has been corrupted for many years. Official’s say they don’t believe REDD can match the money palm-oil companies bring in. The bias in this article is against the palm-oil companies because the author mentions that many animals have had to flee their habitat in the forest because of palm-oil companies. These companies are the cause to deforestation for the most part. A value-loaded word is encroaching because the oil palms are going past their limits and reaching farther out than needed.

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ANALYZING
Deforestation is an environmental issue because it’s greatest impact is on the Earth. The atmospheric impact is that the more trees that we cut down the more CO2 is released into the air. Deforestation is a huge contributor to global warming. 20% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions derive from Tropical deforestation. Just by cutting down the trees CO2 is released into the air; however when the incineration and burning of forests occurs a large amount of CO2 is released. Deforestation also affects the water cycle because trees transpire water. When the trees are clear-cut the water cannot be transpired into the atmosphere causing a dryer climate. Soil erosion is also predominant when deforestation occurs because of the increase in runoff and reduced protection of soil form tree litter. This is a critical world issue because it is affecting the world around us and by 2011 we had already destroyed approximately half of the world’s forests; mostly within the previous 50 years. Who knows what our forests will be like by the year 2050 if something isn’t done?

This issue has evolved over time because the articles form a few years ago were talking more so about selfish logging uses and what people are cutting down trees for. As you get further along in the articles you notice a change in perspective, people are now talking about the issue but also how we need to change. Finally near the end of the articles you start reading about what people are actually going to do to change the world issue of deforestation.

The locational prevalence for deforestation is primarily in developing regions; however that does not mean the developed nations are doing much better. The top 10 countries for highest deforestation rates are: Brazil, Indonesia, Russia, Mexico, Papua New Guinea, Peru, USA, Bolivia, Sudan, and Nigeria. There are some developed nations within this group but the majority of countries are developing. This is because their main source of income comes from the primary sector (the removal of raw materials from the Earth). This includes logging and even if there are bans against logging, there will continue to be much illegal logging and deforestation that occurs.

The sides in this issue are pro deforestation and anti-deforestation. The people who choose to be pro-deforestation believe that it will allow for more jobs and increase their standard of living, help the economy grow, can create easier transportation roots, gives room for urban expansion, and in some cases it can create more fertile land for crops to grow. On the other hand deforestation increases soil erosion because the roots aren’t there to hold it together, it releases CO2 and no trees means they can’t produce oxygen, hundreds of species are deemed homeless and eventually die off, deforestation contributes to global warming (CO2), trees can’t hold the water resulting in flooding and much more.

I don’t believe there is a difference in perspectives between More Developed Countries (MDCs) and Less Developed Countries (LDCs); however, MDCs have the resources to avoid deforestation more so than LCDs, they just choose not to use them as much as they could. The lack of resources in LDCs is one of the main reasons they result to deforestation. Logging is a huge contributor to their economy because they are primary sector regions.

Deforestation relates to Economic and Political issues as well as environmental. Trees are the main source of income for most developing countries because they’re still stuck in the primary sector. By logging all their forests they are helping grow their economy at the cost of the environment. This gets back to the government of these regions for not doing anything. Soon enough they’ll run out of trees to cut down and it’s all because the countries’ governments haven’t created a more stable and constructed legislation against deforestation.

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WORKS CITED

"DEFORESTATION REVEALS N.KOREA'S ARTILLERY TUBES NEAR BORDER." AsiaPulse News 18 Aug. 2010. Global Reference on the Environment, Energy, and Natural Resources. Web. 6 Jan. 2013. <http://find.galegroup.com/grnr/retrieve.dosgHitCountType=None&sort=DateDescend&tabID=T004&prodId=GRNR&resultListType=RESULT_LIST&searchId=R3&searchType=&currentPosition=1&qrySerId=Locale%28en%2C%2C%29%3AFQE%3D%28KE%2CNone%2C13%29Deforestation%3AAnd%3AFQE%3D%28TX%2CNone%2C18%29Cooking+in+the+sun%3AAnd%3ALQE%3D%28AC%2CNone%2C8%29fulltext%3AAnd%3ALQE%3D%28DA%2CNone%2C10%29%3E+20100100%24&userGroupName=ko_k12hs_d68&inPS=true&docId=A234904404&contentSet=IAC-Documents&docId=A234904404&docType=IAC>
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"Ethical timber?" New Internationalist Sept. 2012: 9. General Reference Center GOLD. Web. 7 Jan. 2013.
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Peterson, Maggie Wolff. "Cooking in the sun." E Sept.-Oct. 2012: 10. Global Reference on the Environment, Energy, and Natural Resources. Web. 6 Jan. 2013.
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"2 Rukum community forests may be snatched from users." Kathmandu Post [Kathmandu, Nepal] 27 Nov. 2012. Global Issues In Context. Web. 6 Jan. 2013.
<http://find.galegroup.com/gic/retrieve.dosgHitCountType=None&sort=DateDescend&tabID=T004&prodId=GIC&resultListType=RESULT_LIST&searchId=R2&searchType=&currentPosition=1&qrySerId=Locale%28en%2C%2C%29%3AFQE%3D%28KE%2CNone%2C50%29Rukum+community+forests+may+be+snatched+from+users%24&userGroupName=kitc10262&inPS=true&docId=CJ310000889&contentSet=IACDocuments&docId=CJ310000889&docType=IAC>

"Brazil : Brazil's Amazon deforestation rate falls to record low." Mena Report 28 Nov. 2012. Global Issues In Context. Web. 5 Jan. 2013.
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"REDDY at last; Saving Indonesia's trees." The Economist [US] 8 Dec. 2012: 43(US). General Reference Center GOLD. Web. 6 Jan. 2013
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