AIDS/HIV IN
AFRICA
(Economic and social issue)


aids_cartoon.jpg


This cartoon shows what a big duty AIDS is and how uncontrollable it really is. It's over flowing Africa. The African woman is an example of weakness. She is just staring at the waves helpless and not doing anything because there is nothing she can do.

=
pwen42l.jpg

=

hiv_aids_26_patti_gower.jpg




1.Breaking With Past, South Africa Issues Broad AIDS Policy

By CELIA W. DUGGER

Published: December 1, 2009

http://www.nytimes.com/2009/12/02/world/africa/02safrica.html
In this article the main points are that they are taking a step forward towards the issue of HIV/AIDS. They are trying to ensure that babies are born healthy and having to treat this issue earlier than most years. They are taking a step in taking the problem more seriously and trying to help out all the elders/children with all effort. This step would reduce death rates in South Africa. Having to make this step, it would help a significant large amount of people that are infected. A new policy towards pregnant woman has launched in South Africa which indicates earlier access to treatment to anyone who has a strong immune system. The president of the South Africa knowingly announced that he also had a problem with aids with a woman infected.
  • Mr.Zuma is the first African president to take hold center stage on HIV/AIDS

    South_Africa_HIV_AIDS_Bonet015.jpg

  • On world aids day 2009 South African government have declared a new HIV drug treatment
  • Pregnant woman and babies would start treatment earlier than the rest



2.In Uganda, an AIDS Success Story Comes Undone

By JOSH KRON

Published: August 2, 2012

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/08/03/world/africa/in-uganda-an-aids-success-story-comes-undone.html?_r=0

Ugandans AIDS is on the rise and nearly a third of Uganda’s population have been infected at least once. According to surveys, statistics show that the adult spouses are the ones mostly spreading the disease. Only 8 percent of the people having sexual intercourse with different partners use condoms. That shows that people in Uganda are ignoring the fact that there is such thing as condoms in the world. Even though there was help being informed, it is still not enough and still needs to be worked on. HIV infection rates in Uganda have increased at least 0.9 % since 2005.
  • The united states has spent over 1.7 million dollars on Uganda's HIV/AIDS health issue
  • One in 10 men get infected by their 40s
  • 75 percent of men were knowledgeable about condoms but fewer than 8 percent only used them


3.ZIMBABWE: Nurses step up to initiate HIV treatment

HARARE,

16 October 2012

http://www.plusnews.org/Report/96561/ZIMBABWE-Nurses-step-up-to-initiate-HIV-treatment


Nurses usually are only allowed to prescribe drugs from a doctor. This has changed and recently nurses are allowed to prescribe drugs to their patients. They have professionally trained the nurses to be able to give a patient whatever they are in need of. This will allow people to have faster access to the drug used to help the immune system of people with HIV/AIDS. There are concerns that there will be excessive overload for nurses and having to multiply their pays. Another concern is having the drug to run out because it’s an expensive product. It is already hard enough for them to pay their workers.
  • It has reached in Zimbabwe that 85 percent of the people are in need of HIV treatment
  • Although they are in great need of nurses in Zimbabwe, they have had to freeze their salary pay because the government can not afford a lot of training and resources


4.ZIMBABWE: Activists slam poor management of ARV supply


http://www.plusnews.org/Report/95991/ZIMBABWE-Activists-slam-poor-management-of-ARV-supply

Having access to medical drug in Zimbabwe has become a blessing in the past years. Except having the drug to be expired on the shelves of pharmacies and departments really shook the activists and patients across the country. Adult notices that 15 000 AVR drugs were expired on the shelves of medical health departments. The country already has been through enough, but for this to be an issue is just out of hand. Thousands of people are in need of AVR’s each day and having no access really brings down the death rates. The poor management is also a big concern across the country.
  • 347,000 people are on treatment, but 600,000 are thought to need the drug


5.SOUTHERN AFRICA: No sex for a month to prevent HIV

Johannesburg, 9 November 2010 (PlusNews)
http://www.plusnews.org/Report/91037/SOUTHERN-AFRICA-No-sex-for-a-month-to-prevent-HIV
People in South Africa draw attention to the campaign containing having to stay away from sex for about a month or commuting to 100 percent condom use. This could decrease the amount of people that get affected each month. If they are able to be successful in this campaign it would have a huge impact on the region. Doing this experiment will let everyone know if this is going to work or not. Over stretched budgets and health systems will soon not be able to keep up with this situation. This attempt has attracted the government and scientists around the globe

  • 10 to 45 percent of HIV infections result from sex with people in this "acute infection" period


6.ZIMBABWE: Still struggling with drug shortages
11 January 2013

http://www.plusnews.org/Report/97224/ZIMBABWE-Still-struggling-with-drug-shortages

Shortage in drugs has been one of the main problems in Zimbabwe. Facilities all over the reason have been having shortages and core set medical medicines that have been running out because of how costly they are. This is causing a decline in health services. This is because of the economy crises in 2008. The poor government is the
main problem. They are spending their money on a vast amount of priorities which is causing the health sector to be extremely crippled and people are demanding the government to take this problem more seriously.


7.UGANDA:Nnalongo Nakabuye, "Taking the drugs without food is taking yourself to the grave"

http://www.plusnews.org/Report/97019/UGANDA-Nnalongo-Nakabuye-Taking-the-drugs-without-food-is-taking-yourself-to-the-grave
Having to take the AVR’s on an empty stomach has a lot of side affects, such as nausea and dizziness. It might even have a bigger effect and could kill you. Also having the immune system dropped to low levels. Some people have this problem due to the fact that they are to tired to go to work and too sick, where staying home is the only option. There is no way to get food when you’re jobless and sick, so the only thing that comes to mind is to take the pill.


8.HIV/AIDS: Depression "overlooked" in treating HIV patients

http://www.plusnews.org/Report/94410/HIV-AIDS-Depression-overlooked-in-treating-HIV-patientsDepression caused by the HIV/ AIDS sickness is the most common disorder to patients. Most patients are worn out and waiting for the sickness to go away and waiting to get treated as soon as possible. Not a lot is done with the way patients see themselves. The group of people that is mostly depressed is generally the HIV positive. Most patients that are HIV positive are extremely hard on themselves, hard time sleeping and also very poor eating habits. Since they are sick they find themselves useless and have no point in living. Stronger health care, and resources more people would be happier about themselves.

9.UGANDA: Lack of resources, political will slows male circumcision progress

http://www.plusnews.org/Report/94107/UGANDA-Lack-of-resources-political-will-slows-male-circumcision-progressSince male circumcision reduces the amount of AIDS/HIV, it has been asked for more males to do it. Due to the lack of resources, lack of money, and lack of government control it has slowed down the process of male circumcision. The largest circumcision providers in central Uganda shows that a lot of men are looking to get services and workers looking to get trained. If there aren’t enoughresources then it will be very hard decreasing the amount of people that are getting infected.



10.UGANDA: Muslim women back condoms for HIV prevention

KASESE, 12 January 2011
http://www.irinnews.org/Report/91606/UGANDA-Muslim-women-back-condoms-for-HIV-prevention
Muslim woman in Uganda are demanding that condom prevention should be taken more seriously. The theory in the Muslim culture is that men in the Muslim world are allowed to get married to more than one wife. If that is the case, than why are Muslim men going off and getting into risky relationships without the use of condoms? There has been a main HIV promotion program for Muslims going by calls of religious leaders for abstinence and loyalty.

11.Uganda: Pregnant Women Start Getting Free Arvs

By Anne Mugisa, 16 December 2012http://allafrica.com/stories/201212170379.html?page=2
Africa is taking a step forward and giving pregnant women free anti-retroviral (ARV) drugs. It is the start to end mother to child transmission and decrease the number of HIV infected children. This benefit will start happening all over Africa as soon as possible. When the child is born, they will keep trying to cure the newborn until it will be negative. One of the benefits will be, having to reach the millennium development goal by having to decrease the amount of HIV affected newborn’s by 2015. One of the challenges would be to not have enough money and not having enough drugs.

12.Kenya: Sexual violence still a major urban threat


http://www.plusnews.org/Report/94075/KENYA-Sexual-violence-still-a-major-urban-threat

NAIROBI, 26 October 2011

Gender based violence is on the rise in parts of Kenya. Sexual violence is still a major threat across Kenya. Most people that get infected when they get sexually molested are often scared to do anything about it because they are too scared that people will find out and look at them differently. This way you will wait longer, get sicker and have risky chance to live. More work needs to be done on having better security and control over the people in the country. Murder victims should start getting better treatment due to the unpleasant incident.



Analyzing



AIDS/HIV is mostly an economic issue because it is involving finances and the impact on the financial well being of Africa. The biggest reason for this disease is not having enough nutrition, health care, medicine and education to give the citizens a taste of real life. The continent has an extremely poor economy and is causing a lot of problem’s including a lot of disease and sicknesses with no cure. This problem is mostly occurring in South Africa, Uganda and Chad. These countries are the poorest out of all and are trying to end it all by using different experiments and trials until they succeed.



The issue has evolved in the past few years in a way where most of the articles were talking about how it was a very big concern, how there was no cure at all but no one was doing anything about it. After a while they started to come up with more cures to the situation and started to take actions. The world is more concerned about Africa than before.



The locational prevalence would be mostly across Africa. Most of the people infected in the world would be in South Africa. It has reached very high rates and has been the most concentrated region in the world, even though it’s one of the wealthiest out of all. Also Zimbabwe, Uganda, Nigeria and other countries across Africa are highly infected.



There aren’t any sides you can really take in this situation since it’s a really big concern. Some people might take the side of people saying if you had sexual intercourse than it’s your fault for getting the disease. Some people may argue that that’s not true. It could be a lot of different reasons why they have been infected. Either you are born with it or you have been raped.



There is definitely a big difference between More Developed Countries (MDCs) and Less Developed Countries (LDCs) since the less developed countries have less money, a lot more people and a lot of uneducated civilians. The more developed countries have more control over the country and have a way to help everyone in need. There are also benefits given and the economy is acceptable.



This problem is a social and recourse issue. Since it is affecting the public and creating a society of fear than this would fit very well. If Africans are being infected by other people than it is causing a lot of problems and situations between each other. It could also be an recourse issue because people don’t have enough resources and infrastructure to build facilities( for example: hospitals, pharmacies). This would need a lot of money; this has to do to the economy issue.

Works Cited:

DUGGER W CELIA “Breaking With Past, South Africa Issues Broad AIDS Policy” December 1, 2009 : The New York Times Web. 04 Jan 2013
<http://www.nytimes.com/2009/12/02/world/africa/02safrica.html>

KRON JOSH. “In Uganda, an AIDS Success Story Comes Undone” New York times, August 2, 2012: Database. Publisher of Database. Web. 04 Jan 2013 < http://www.nytimes.com/2012/08/03/world/africa/in-uganda-an-aids-success-story-comes-undone.html?_r=0>


“ZIMBABWE: Nurses step up to initiate HIV treatment” plus news, 16 October 2012. Publisher of Database. 04 Jan 2013 <http://www.plusnews.org/Report/96561/ZIMBABWE-Nurses-step-up-to-initiate-HIV-treatment>


“ZIMBABWE: Activists slam poor management of ARV supply”IRIN Plus News, 1 August 2012. Publisher of Database. Web. Date YOU Accessed the Site < http://www.plusnews.org/Report/95991/ZIMBABWE-Activists-slam-poor-management-of-ARV-supply>


"UGANDA: Muslim women back condoms for HIV prevention." IRIN Humanitarian news and analysis (2011) [online] Available at: www.irinnews.org/Report/91606/UGANDA-Muslim-women-back-condoms-for-HIV-prevention [Accessed: 04 Jan 2013].

“SOUTHERN AFRICA: No sex for a month to prevent HIV.” IRIN plus news, 9 November 2010 04 Jan 2013< http://www.plusnews.org/Report/91037/SOUTHERN-AFRICA-No-sex-for-a-month-to-prevent-HIV>